As with many cancers, the risk of developing throat cancer increases with age, with most people being over the age of 65. Men are two to three times more likely than women to develop throat cancer in their lifetime.
Risk factors differ depending on where the cancer grows in the throat.General
Lack of fruits and vegetables: A diet low in fruits and vegetables may increase the likelihood of developing throat cancer.Lifestyle
Tobacco use: The use of cigarettes, pipes and/or cigars may increase the likelihood of developing throat cancer.
Alcohol use: Excessive use of alcohol may increase your throat cancer risk.
Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection: Research has found that HPV infection is responsible for rising rates of throat cancer, particularly among patients with oropharyngeal cancer.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD): When acid moves from the stomach into the esophagus, acid reflux develops. Chronic acid reflux, or GERD, may increase throat cancer risk depending on its frequency and severity.
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV): This common virus is transmitted via saliva. Contracting EBV may increase the likelihood of developing throat cancer.
Next topic: What are the symptoms of throat cancer?